Food Insecurity & Population Health | Economics Research Group

Food Insecurity & Population Health

ERG houses the Community Assistance Research Initiative, which facilitates interdisciplinary research focused on population health, local communities, and the economic and food security of households.

Research Products

The Crossroad ClientCare Longitudinal Database contains repeat observations of over 7000 households who have visited Crossroads Community Services (CCS) since 2013. The CCL Database is available for use by interested researchers and nonprofit organizations.


Leonard, T., Hughes, A.E., Donegan, C., Santillan, A., Pruitt, S.L. (2018) Overlapping geographic clusters of food security and health: Where do social determinants and health outcomes converge in the U.S? SSM-Population Health 5, 160-170.

Higashi, R.T., Lee, S.J.C., Leonard, T., Pezzia, C., Pruitt, S.L. (2017) Family and Social Context Contributes to the Interplay of Economic Insecurity, Food Insecurity, and Health. Annals of Anthropological Practice.

Leonard, T., Hughes, A.E., Pruitt, S.L. (2017). Understanding how low-socioeconomic status households cope with health shocks: An analysis of multi-sector linked data. The American Academy of Political and Social Science.

Shuval, K., Leonard, T., Drope, J., Katz, D.L., Patel, P., Shepard, M.M., Amir, O., Grinstein, A. 2017. Physical Activity Counseling in Primary Care: Insights from Public Health & Behavioral Economics. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians. 67(3): 233-244.

Leonard, T., Ayers, C., Das, S., Neeland, I., Powell-Wiley, T.M. 2017. Do Neighborhoods Matter Differently for Movers and Non-Movers?: Analysis of Weight Gain in the Longitudinal Dallas Heart Study. Health & Place. 44: 52-60.

De Oliveira A, Leonard T., Shuval K, Sugg-Skinner C, Eckel C, Murdoch JC. 2016. Economic Preferences and Obesity among a Low-Income African American Community. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization. 131: 196-208.

Pruitt SL, Leonard T, Xuan L, Amory R, Nguyen OK, Pezzia C, Swales S. (2016). Who is food insecure? Implications for targeted recruitment and outreach. Preventing Chronic Disease.

Higashi, R.T., Lee, S.J.C., Leonard, T., Cuate, E.L., Cole, J., Pruitt, S.L. (2015). Multiple co-morbidities and interest in research participation among clients of a nonprofit food distribution site. Clinical and Translational Science.

Higashi, R., Lee, S.J.C., Leonard, T., Cuate, E., Cole, J., Pruitt, S.L. (2015) Charitable food distribution sites offer novel opportunities for cancer prevention research and intervention among vulnerable, hard-to-reach, and underserved populations. Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention. 24:764.

Shuval, Kerem, T. Leonard, B.T. Nguyen, T.H. Ngo, A. L. Yaroch. 2015. Behavioral Economics and Fruit and Vegetable Intake: The Fair Park Study. Health Behavior & Policy Review. 2(2): 92-99.

Shuval, K., Si, X, Nguyen, B., Leonard, T. 2015. Utilizing Behavioral Economics to Understand Adherence to Physical Activity Guidelines among a Low-Income Urban Community. Journal of Physical Activity and Health 12: 947-953.

Pruitt, S.L., Leonard, T., Murdoch, J., Hughes, A., McQueen, A., Gupta, S. 2014. Neighborhood effects in a behavioral randomized controlled trial. Health and Place. 30:293-300.

Working Papers

McKillop, C., Leonard, T., Pruitt, SL, Tiro, J. Do traditional economic theories of free riding behavior explain spatial clustering of HPV vaccine uptake?

Hughes, AE, Leonard, T, Bowen, ME, Pruitt, SL. Spatial distribution of diabetes prevalence and food costs in the United States: Target areas for intervention

Leonard, T, Hughes, AE, Donegan, C, Santillan, A, Pruitt, SL. Food Security and Poor Health: Predicting Spatial Cluster Overlaps

Si, Xia, Leonard, T. 2015. Aging out of WIC: An Investigation of the Compensation Effect of Private Nutrition Assistance Programs

Si, Xia, Leonard, T. 2015. Network Expansion and Utilization of Private Nutrition Assistance.

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